The Different Types of Loans Explained


People take out loans every day, and it can be for a multitude of different reasons. Someone may be turning their side hustle into a full-time job or be facing unexpected medical fees. They may be getting divorced or be battling a gambling addiction.

There are lots of different types of loans out there, making it hard to know which one to choose. There’s no ‘one size fits all’ because, in reality, everyone’s situation is different. This article will help clarify what each type of loan entails so that you can find the perfect fit for your financial needs.

Personal Loans

All personal loans are credit-based, so first of all, the lenders will pull a copy of your credit history. This will help them determine whether you qualify and how much they would be willing to lend you. The loan could be anywhere from $500 to $100,000 and have terms of between one and seven years. The interest rate on a personal loan is fixed, so you’ll always know how much your monthly payment will be.

In general, personal loans are used to consolidate debt, make large purchases, or finance a dream vacation. If you’re wondering how do personal loans work, specialist websites can explain about finding a lender near you, and how to apply and qualify. You can also learn about the approval process, getting your funds, and paying them back. You can use a personal loan calculator to estimate your monthly payments.

Secured And Unsecured Loans

Secured Loans are where the borrower pledges an asset as collateral for the loan. If the borrower defaults on the repayments, the lender has the right to seize the asset. The most common type of secured loan is a mortgage, in which the homeowner uses their house as collateral. Other examples include car loans and personal loans secured by savings accounts or certificates of deposit (CDs).

Unsecured Loans are ones that do not have any collateral. This makes them a higher risk for the lender, so they come with higher interest rates.

You can learn much more about these loans and the others below from Gordon Simmons Service Credit Union Leader.


Mortgages allow the borrower to use their home as collateral and if they can’t repay the loan, the lender can take possession of the property and sell it. There are two main types: repayment mortgages and interest-only mortgages. Interest-only mortgages allow the borrower to pay interest for a set period of time (usually between two and five years) before they have to switch to repaying the loan itself.

Repayment mortgages require monthly payments that include both interest and capital repayment (on top of an arrangement fee). The amount of interest charged on a repayment mortgage is usually lower than it would be for an equivalent term with an interest-only deal.

However a trusted company like Certified Credit’s credit inquiry services offers industry-leading credit reporting solutions that help you move clients quickly and confidently from applicants to homeowners. You can contact them if you need their help!

Auto Loans


An auto loan allows consumers to purchase automobiles with the use of financing. This type of credit can help people who have little savings at the time they need to buy a car.

The interest rates for borrowers will vary based on several factors, including your financial history and how much money you put down at the beginning of the term. The amount financed usually covers all other fees, including taxes, title transfer fees, and dealer processing charges.

Business Loans

This type of loan is typically used to cover business expenses and to provide capital for expansion projects (e.g., buying a new facility or updated equipment). Business loans or Commercial loans are usually secured by assets such as accounts receivable, inventory, machinery, and equipment.

In addition to being able to borrow from banks and credit unions, there are other lenders who offer small business loans including factoring companies, peer-to-peer lending platforms, crowdfunding sites, and social lending networks. If you take out a loan for business funding, make sure that your company will have enough cash flow coming in for you to be able to make the repayments.

Student Loans

This finance provision is specifically designed to help students pay for their education. You’ll encounter two types: federal student loans and private student loans. Federal student loans are offered by the government, while private student loans are offered by banks or other lenders. Both have pros and cons, so it’s important to understand the differences before you decide which one is right for you.

The main benefit of federal student loans is that they offer lower interest rates than private student loans. They also come with a variety of repayment options, including income-based repayment plans and deferment or forbearance if you run into financial difficulty. The main benefit of private student loans is that they offer more flexible repayment options. As a result, most students who use private student loans will end up paying higher interest rates and fees compared to those who take out federal student loans.

Credit Cards

A credit card is small and plastic, and it’s provided to people to use as a system of payment. It allows its holder to buy services and goods based on the holder’s promise to faithfully pay for these things. The issuer of the credit creates a revolving account and grants a line of credit. A credit card does not have to be paid off in full every month, allowing the user a certain amount of credit before their monthly bill is due.

Credit card services are one of the most popular types of credit because they can be used for almost any purchase. The only downside is that they often come with high-interest rates, so it’s important that you avoid using it as a way to finance purchases unless you can afford those payments first. If not, try looking into getting a personal loan from an online lender, since these loans tend to come with lower interest rates than traditional bank loans.

You may also wish to research home equity loans, payday loans, FHA loans, and VA loans. Always do plenty of research beforehand and read the small print before you sign. You need to be confident that you can afford the monthly repayments so that you don’t end up in debt. When used wisely, loans can provide finance exactly when you need it, and open up doors that would otherwise be shut.


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About the Author: Brian Novak